They are practices that are carried out in order to improve the biodiversity of the farm mainly by improving habitats. We can consider the following measures:

  • Maintenance and implementation of edges between plots with various plant species in order to improve/provide habitats for auxiliary fauna (mainly invertebrates).
  • Maintenance of walls, heaps or structures made of stones without mortar that provide shelter for small vertebrates (reptiles and small mammals).
  • Maintenance and vegetal restoration of slopes and gullies.
  • Creating copses-island in unproductive or very steep areas.


Maintaining areas with permanent vegetation cover fix atmospheric carbon in the biomass, increasing the content of soil organic matter.

The increase and / or conservation of genetic variability in ecosystems improve its ability to adapt to changes (resilience).

A more diverse ecosystem is more stable and can better withstand environmental stress.